HTML is a powerful basic web site designing markup language. HTML expanded as Hyper Text Markup Language. Tim Berners Lee is a contractor at CERN , he proposed a system for CERN. Berners Lee wrote a memo to proposing an Internet based hyper text system. He specified HTML and wrote the browser and server software in late 1990. That year, Berners-Lee and CERN data systems engineer Robert Cailliau collaborated on a joint request for funding, but the project was not formally adopted by CERN. In his personal notes from 1990 he listed “some of the many areas in which hypertext is used” and put an encyclopedia first. The first publicly available description of HTML was a document called “HTML Tags”, first mentioned on the Internet by Tim Berners-Lee in late 1991. HTML was created by Berners-Lee in late 1991. HTML 2.0 is the first version
Hypertext is referring which web pages are linked together and the link is available on webpage is called hypertext.
HTML is a markup language, content is written between tags, makes use of various tags to format the content. Tags are enclosed between the symbols <> , </>. Except few tags, most of the tags have their corresponding closing tags. For example <html> has its closing tag </html> and <body> tag has its closing tag </body> tag etc.
below is an example code in HTML
<h1>header part </h1>
Type the above code in notepad save it with file extension .html or .htm and open it in any browser.
The above saved with file name myfirst.html and open it in browser.
It displays in the browser like below.